Meal Replacements Aid Weight Loss, Study Finds
replacements in a medically supervised weight loss program are
successful in facilitating weight loss, according to a new study
conducted at the University of Kentucky. The study appears in
the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.
meal replacements are products of Health Management Resources
Corporation (HMR), a privately owned national health care company
specializing in weight loss and weight management.
study assessed weight outcomes, behavioral data and side effects for
obese patients enrolled in an intensive behavioral weight loss program.
Two treatment options were offered, Medically Supervised and Healthy
Solutions. Medically Supervised patients restricted food consumption to
meal replacements, which consisted of shakes and entrees, and bars.
either consumed five shakes daily or three shakes and two shelf-stable
entrees daily. Healthy Solutions patients limited food intake to
shakes, entrees, bars, fruit and vegetables. Recommendations were to
consume a minimum of three shakes, two entrees and five servings of
fruit and vegetables daily. Some patients with diabetes, hypertension
or medical problems necessitated the Medically Supervised option.
Patients in the Medically Supervised option lost an average of 43.4
pounds in 19 weeks. Patients in the Healthy Solutions option lost an
average of 37.5 pounds in 18 weeks. The study also found that patient
compliance, accountability and commitment with the support of a
structured program increases weight loss success.
study's co-author, Dr. James W. Anderson, professor emeritus of
internal medicine and clinical nutrition at the University of Kentucky
College of Medicine, said the gold standard for weight loss by the
health community is a 5 to10 percent loss of initial body weight. "This
study showed a loss of 16.4 percent of initial body weight in the
Medically Supervised group and a loss of 15.8 percent of initial body
weight in the Healthy Solutions group, both well above the gold
standard the health community considers successful and when health
improvements are seen."
served as medical director for the Health Management Resources Program
for WeightManagement at UK for 22 years and actively continues as staff
physician at HMR. The program is a partnership between the UK College
of Medicine and Health Management Resources Corporation in Boston,
Centers for Disease Control reports a dramatic increase in obesity in
the United States over the past 20 years. An estimated 66 percent of
U.S. adults are overweight or obese. Some common effects of obesity
include heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, arthritis and some
kinds of cancer. If you are obese, losing even 5 to10 percent of weight
can delay or prevent some of these diseases.
receives salary support and research funding from Health Management
Resources. He also receives active research support from the HCF
Nutrition Research Foundation.
For more information on the University of Kentucky, visit www.uky.edu.